Modern makers of contemporary native american flutes commonly tuned to one of twelve keys. A flute is typically described by the pitch that the flute plays when all holes are covered. The table above describes the pitches that are possible for each key of flute and its most common fingering. The first column of the table is the key of the flute, i.e., all holes closed. The remaining columns along that row give the other pitches that are possible, based upon the fingering that is depicted above it.
Consult the Primary Scale for additional details, as well as some potential alternate fingers that some flute makers support.